These programmes echoed the call to protest, and lead to greater audience numbers by reaching the vast majority of Egyptians who do not have access, or who have limited access, to the internet and to social networking sites.
According to Fathy Abou Hatab, online-community manager for the al-Misrî al-yawm newspaper, the market was flooded by half a million new readers during the revolution.
They were particularly interested in the opinion pages, as they did not want to follow only what was on television. They also wanted to read the opinions of the writers and the press on the future of the country. The protest movement which developed on the streets also became a media war, waged on several fronts — nothing new for Egyptian journalists.
The war spread across press columns and turned into a pitched battle between the various papers. From early on in the movement, the national press did their best to ignore what was going on in the streets of Egypt. Meanwhile, the independent press stood firm during the whole course of the revolution.
Over the eighteen days of protests they devoted themselves entirely to covering the events in Egypt. Unlike in the national press, the events made headlines almost immediately, and no attempt were made to hide support for the opposition movement.
The independent press is also in part responsible for turning Tahrir Square into the centre of the protests. A crucial date in the unfolding events and a pivotal one for the position of the press was February 2. The next day, the break between the different press divisions opened up noticeably. While the independent press refused to waver from its original stance of support for the movement, there was a noticeable difference in national press coverage.
However, this editorial change in tone in the national press did not last long. Finding that there was a conservative readership seeking stability, the national papers quickly reverted back to their previous role of spokesperson for the government and military, the latter now running the country. More significant was the role of the activists and citizens who took over Tahrir Square, as well as the social networking sites which helped to energise the movement. The Egyptian press was tolerated only because it was considered to be a third-rate public space, and an inferior substitute for institutional partisan debate.
Several incidents in relation to the press and media occurred during the transition period of the SCAF which was initially supposed to last only six months. Two months later, proceedings were started against the chief editor and a journalist at the independent paper al-Fajr The Dawn for having publicly demanded the end to military tribunals.
Proceedings were later dropped, but their arrest sent out a strong message to other journalists. Self-censorship by journalists is another sign of continued tension with the representatives of the state, as illustrated in December by the banning of an article criticizing military rulers in the newly-launched English version of al-Misrî al-yawmironically called Independent Egypt. If you want to discuss this essay further, you can send a proposal to the editorial team redaction at laviedesidees.
We will get back to you as soon as possible. Comment les expliquer? Legavre dir. The written press: neglected object s? Neveu, Sociologie du journalismeLa Découverte,p. Following the successive waves of democratisation across Southern Europe, Latin America and later Eastern Europe, advocates of transitology attempted to understand how to facilitate democratic transition in Arab society. Despite their laudable efforts, the literature on this topic suffers from its own teleological hypotheses, and serves more as confirmation of the conceptual failure behind attempts to graft democracy onto the Arab world rather than depicting any empirical rejection of democracy by the Arab world itself.
Haykal, an important commentator on the political and journalistic history of modern Egypt, started his career in He collaborated on several publications, displaying a certain amount of independence.
After working as a parliamentary journalist, he became correspondent for Akhbâr al-Yawm and covered numerous international conflicts. His network of contacts proved particularly useful to Nasser, as did his nomadic editorial work, which kept him separate from the partisan system, and his ability to analyse the situation outside Egypt. He surrounded himself with the greatest names in Egyptian journalism and literature, including Tawfiq Hâkim, Yûsif Idris and the future Nobel Literature Price winner Naguib Mahfouz, adding to a literary tradition already well established in the profession.
The terms of the agreement were to be fiercely evoked in June during protests against the invasion of Beirut by the Israeli army. With regards to the creation of al-Dustûrcf.
Nadia Idle and Alex Nunns, op.
The Independent. Boutaleb et al. Dossier s : Press and Democracy. Find us here :. An account of a society before revolution. Arles, Actes Sud, Nathan J. BrownCan the Colossus Be Salvaged? Saying and not saying in contemporary Egypt. Log in. French Centre for Research on Contemporary China.
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